Khofra is an area in Libya in the middle of the Sahara desert.Al Jawf, the capital of Khofra, receives almost no rain whatsoever, averaging only 2.5mm per year. Summer high temperatures average above 37.8°C.
The city lies in the largest and the most heavily irrigated oasis in the Kufra basin of Sahara.
The water to this town is supplied by an underground water network which drills thousands of feet to tap fossil water and distribute it to the space around. This space is being used efficiently by farmers so far.
Hexagonal shaped communities are created consisting of a central square surrounded by sixteen farms. This way these communities are able to efficiently deliver water to each farmer through an underground well in this central square.The hexagonal forms consist of clusters of houses in the middle and farmland radiating out. The land of each farmer stretches out for 500 meters behind their farm.
In total there are 15 of these communities, and they are gradually building more of them.
These farms make use of the center pivot irrigation system which is basically a method of agricultural irrigation which results in a circular field of crops.It consists of a huge column of sprinklers, fixed to the ground at one end, slowly travels around in a circle whilst spraying the crops below. We can see the sprinkler arms, some of which can reach a kilometre in length.
“WE KNOW OUR EARTH NOW:THERE IS NO OUTSIDE. NEW TERRITORIES ARE TO BE DISCOVERED WITHIN THE EXISTING AND ACROSS PROFESSIONS.”
Something fantastic.A manifesto by three young architects, on worlds, people, cities, and houses by Ruby Press
A farm is an area of land, or, for aquaculture, lake, river or sea, including various structures, devoted primarily to the practice of producing and managing food (produce, grains, or livestock), fibres and, increasingly, fuel. It is the basic production facility in food production. Farms may be owned and operated by a single individual, family, community, corporation or a company. A farm can be a holding of any size.
A circular or round farm is a quite new type of farm that is based on a center pivot irrigation system wich pumps water from a well located to the center of the farm, that tries to minimize water loss and to equeally water the farm. Round farms are used in many places such as USA, Canada and even Sahara desert in Africa.(image 2)
“Migration and mobility are always seen as exceptions but they are the norm. Mobility helps people get out of poverty…”
“If people affected by climate change lack access to resources or need to diversify their income sources, this lack should be [addressed] rather than be seen as a problem.”
“With many aspects of climate change mitigation it will be local governments that can make the most difference.”
“Rather than foment panic, leaders should apply lessons from the past to inform both migration and climate change mitigation policies in years to come…”